References to Information About Pesticides by Subject

About Harmful Pesticides


Beyond Pesticides

The Safer Choice: How to Avoid Hazardous Home, Garden, Community and Food Use Pesticides

National Pesticide Information Center, a collaboration between Oregon State University and the Environmental Protection Agency.

Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides (NCAP). Good pesticide fact sheet.

Pesticide Action Network (PAN).

Planet Natural

Specific chemicals

Glyphosate—The Unintended Consequences of Using Glyphosate (Sierra Club Grassroots Network)

Glyphosate—France Withdraws Approval of 36 Glyphosate-Based Weed Killer Products (Beyond Pesticides)

Glyphosate—University of Washington study, 2019

Glyphosate—How did the US EPA and IARC reach opposite conclusions about glyphosate’s genotoxicity?

Glyphosate—Carey Gillam, Whitewash, The Story of a Weed Killer, Cancer, and the Corruption of Science, Island Press, 2017.

Glyphosate—Weedkiller Found in Granola and Crackers, Internal FDA Emails Show

Neonicotinoids—Xerces Society. Brochure about neonicotinoids and some of the products in which they are found.

Neonicotinoids—National Geographic. Insect 'Apocalypse' in U.S. Driven by 50x Increase in Toxic Pesticides.

2, 4-D


Pesticides in Canada


Europe Poised for Total Ban on Bee-Harming Pesticides

From Brussels to Arkansas, a Tough Week for Monsanto

EU Nations Back Ban on Insecticides to Protect Honey Bees

Europe Just Banned the Chemicals That Lay Waste to Honeybees. But They’re Still Everywhere in the US.



Carey Gillam, Whitewash: The Story of a Weed Killer, Cancer, and the Corruption of Science, Island Press, 2017

CHEM Trust Report: A Review of the Role Pesticides Play in Some Cancers

Journal Admits Monsanto Role in Reviews of Glyphosate Cancer Risks


Philip J. Landrigan and Mary M. Landrigan, Children and Environmental Toxins: What Everyone Needs to Know, Oxford University Press, 2018

Beyond Pesticides: Hazards of Pesticides for Children's Health

Citizens for a Green Camden: Safe Lawn Resources


The Town of Islesboro does not use synthetic pesticides on any of its properties.

The Transfer Station has a hazardous waste disposal day twice a year.


Representative Michael G. Devin (D-Newcastle)
1 Hillcrest Road
Newcastle, ME 04553

In third term at House of Representatives, Damariscotta area. Joint Standing Committee on Marine Resources; Commission to Study the Effects of Coastal Ocean Acidification and Its Existing and Potential Effects on Species that are Commercially Harvested and Grown along the Maine Coast, est. 2014; Maine Surface Water Ambient Toxics Monitoring Program Board. April 2017—submitted bill designed to protect bees from neonicotinoids. Withdrew it after intense opposition from Bayer, ME Potato Board and Ornamental Horticulture Council, who testified that banning neonicotinoids would cause an over-reliance on other pesticides.


Twenty-nine municipalities in Maine have enacted ordinances restricting the use of pesticides (ordinances for each town are available on this site). Among them are:


Citizens for a Green Camden (CGC) was founded in 2008 "in order to eliminate the use of toxic chemicals on Camden's lawns through educating citizens about safe, affordable, and readily available alternative products and practices." That year CGC worked with the Town to establish a pesticide policy for public land; this policy was subsequently adopted by Rockport. Through their educational materials, CGC asks private property owners not to use harmful pesticides on a voluntary basis.


A leader in the field. Established a ban on use of non-organic pesticides and herbicides on public land in 2009 and on private land in 2015, the first municipality in Maine to do so. Based on an honor system. Ogunquit Lawns Go Organic


In May 2016 Portland's City Council established a Pesticide & Fertilizer Task Force to review the draft pesticide ordinance under consideration by South Portland (see below), ordinances in other jurisdictions, as well as scientific literature regarding the effects of synthetic pesticides on public health and the environment. The Council passed an ordinance banning the use of such pesticides on public and private property in January 2018. Riverside Golf Course, Hadlock Field (home to the Sea Dogs), and five other high-use athletic fields were exempted until 2021. The ordinance established a Pesticide Oversight Committee, which will prepare and distribute educational materials about synthetic pesticides and alternatives to them. Scofflaws face potential fines of $100-$500. Pesticide Ordinance

South Portland

Encouraged by advocate groups such as Portland Protectors and Friends of Casco Bay, in July 2015, the South Portland City Council approved the drafting of an ordinance to restrict or eliminate the use of synthetic pesticides. The Council passed the ordinance in September 2016. It comes into effect over three years; the process started in spring 2017 and will end in 2019. The ordinance is monitored by the city's Sustainability Office and assisted by the Code Enforcement Officer. There are no monetary penalties for failure to comply. South Portland's New Pesticide Use Ordinance


Plant and Seed Suppliers

Local Garden Centers

Barley Joe Farm Greenhouses, 1097 Camden Road (Rte. 90), Warren, ME 04864, 207-273-6154.

Guini Ridge Farm Garden Center, 310 Commercial Street (the old Hoboken Gardens site at the corner of Rte. 1 and Pascal Avenue), Rockport, ME 04856; 207-785-2978; Bruce & Wendy Reinemann.


North American Native Plant Society (NANPS). Canada-based, founded in 1985, concerned with preserving native plant habitat in wild areas and restoring indigenous flora to developed areas.

Northeast Pollinator Plants. An on-line regional provider of native perennials, begun in 2012. Run by Jane Sorenson, who with her husband has owned River Berry Farm in Fairfax, VT since 1991. She gives talks on creating habitat for pollinators in the New England area.

Prairie Nursery. Founded in 1972, Wisconsin-based. Sells plants and seeds online that support life, bio-diversity, sustainability, and soil and water conservation.

The Wild Seed Project. Founded in 2014, based in Portland and Blue Hill, Maine. Collects untreated seeds of wild and uncultivated forms of native plants and educates the public on propagation techniques to engage citizens in promoting native plant populations.


Practical "how to" information

Washington Post—Welcome Bugs into Your Yard. You Might Just Save the World.

Audubon Society—Lawn Pesticides: An Unacceptable Risk

Garden Club of America—The New American Lawn

Grassroots Environmental Education—Organic Lawns & Landscapes

Maine State Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry

Northeast Organic Farmers Association's Organic Lawn Care Guide

Service providers

Greener Grounds Landscaping
Evan Frace
25 Ingraham Drive
Owls Head, ME 04854

Evan Frace is accredited as an organic land care professional through the Northeast Organic Farms Association (NOFA). He consults to property owners about natural lawn care and tick control. Greener Grounds has an informative website.


Hildy Ellis, District Coordinator of Knox-Lincoln Soil Water Conservation District Spoke about native groundcovers and lawn alternatives at Merryspring Nature Center in September 2017.

Osborne Organics, LLC
Chip Osborne
11 Laurel Street
Marblehead, MA 01945
Provides consultations and trainings in natural lawn care.

Accreditation courses

NOFA Organic Land Care Program
126 Derby Avenue
Derby, CT 06418


Products derived from botanical oils

Essentria IC-3
Zoëcon Professional Products

Tick Killz
Natural Repellants, LLC

Service Providers

Greener Grounds Landscaping
Evan Frace
25 Ingraham Drive
Owls Head, ME 04854
Evan Frace is accredited as an organic land care professional through the Northeast Organic Farms Association (NOFA). He consults to property owners about natural lawn care and tick control. Greener Grounds has an informative website.

Mosquito Squad
Ed Mercier
29 Maid Marion Lane
Brewer, ME 04412
This company uses Essentria IC-3.

Barberry Removal

The barberry plant (Berberis thunbergii) is native to Asia and is sold by nurseries and landscaping companies as a rugged ornamental shrub that has interesting spring flowers, summer berries, and bright autumn foliage. The thorny barberry tolerates poor soils and difficult growing conditions such as wind, salt spray, ledge, etc. Over the years, it has become a challenging invasive plant on Islesboro, overtaking many beneficial native plant species and moving into the understory of our forests. As barberry spreads into thorny thickets, it provides a haven in which small rodents and thus also deer ticks thrive. Hence, barberry removal becomes a priority.

The Maine Organic Farmer Gardener Organization (MOFGA) recommends cutting plants back and digging out the roots with a "weed wrench.” Hoe or cover with a barrier of cardboard or newspaper to keep from re-sprouting. Barberry is now on Maine's Invasive Species list and can no longer be sold in the state.

MOFGA—Avoiding and Battling Invasive Plants in Maine

Ecological Landscape Alliance—Japanese Barberry: An Exotic Invasive Plant Fact Sheet



Private Organizations

Beyond Pesticides. Founded in 1981, based in Washington, D.C. Mission: to lead the transition to a world free of toxic pesticides.

Grassroots Environmental Education. Founded in 2000, based in Port Washington, New York. Mission: to educate the public about the links between common environmental exposures and human health.

National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC). A collaboration between Oregon State University and the US EPA. Originally at the Texas Tech university Health Sciences Center, in 1995 it moved to OSU. Mission: to serve as a factual source of information for professionals and public audiences on pesticides and related issues.

North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC). Founded by the Pollinator Partnership in 1999, based in San Francisco. Runs large conferences and programs such as Pollinator Week and Pollinator Roadsides. Task forces work on specific projects.

Pesticide Action Network North America (PAN). One of five centers world-wide, founded 1982, based in Oakland, CA.

Pollinator Partnership (PP). Founded 1997, based in San Francisco. Mission: to promote the health of pollinators, critical to food and ecosystems, through conservation, education, and research.

Xerces Society. Founded in 1971, based in Portland, Oregon. Mission: to protect wildlife through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats.

Public Agencies

Federal Pollinator Health Task Force. Founded by the Obama Administration in 2015, co-chaired by the USDA and the EPA. Worked closely with NAPPC and PP; in 2016 issued the Pollinator Partnership Action Plan. In 2017, the EPA removed the Task Force's page from its website.


Toxics Action Center. Founded in 1987, based in Boston. Mission: to work with communities to prevent or clean up pollution in New England.

Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides. Founded in 1977, based in Oregon. Mission: to protect community and environmental health in the U.S. northwest and to inspire the use of ecologically sound solutions to reduce the use of pesticides.

U.S.—State of Maine

Private organizations

Citizens for a Green Camden. Founded in 2008. Mission: to eliminate the use of toxic chemicals on Camden's lawns through educating citizens about safe, affordable, and readily available alternative products and practices.

Friends of Casco Bay/Baykeeper. Founded in 1989, based in South Portland. Mission: to improve and protect the environmental health of Casco Bay. Programs include the Baykeeper, water quality monitoring, advising on how to keep pesticides out of the bay (called bayscaping), working in the schools, and boat pumpout.

Maine Beekeepers Association. Founded in 1976, chapters throughout the state. Mission: to promote education in matters related to bees and beekeeping. Has a bi-monthly newsletter, The Bee Line.

Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association (MOFGA). Founded in 1971, based in Unity, Maine. Mission: to educate about and advocate for organic agriculture, illuminating its interdependence with a healthy environment, local food production, and thriving communities. The oldest and largest state organic organization in the country.

Portland Pollinator Partnership. Founded in 2014, hosted by Bayside Neighborhood Association. Mission: to protect and increase pollinator habitat in Portland through education, community partnerships, and local projects.

Public agencies

Maine Board of Pesticides Control. Located within the Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry, Augusta. Provides public education, technical information and assistance regarding pesticides, including the Yardscaping program.


Private Organizations

Environmental Justice Foundation. Founded in 2000, UK-based. Mission: to protect the environment and defend human rights.

Pesticide Action Network Europe (PAN Europe). One of five centers world-wide, founded in 1987, based in Brussels, Belgium. Mission: to minimize the negative effects and replace the use of harmful pesticides with ecologically sound alternatives.

Public Agencies

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Set up by the EU in 2002 to be a source of scientific advice and communication on risks associated with the food chain.


Lawn care pesticides and cancer in dogs


RISE (Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment)
1156 15th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005



American Bird Conservancy Pesticides Program


The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation

Maine State Beekeepers Association

Center for Biological Diversity, press release about the decline in bee populations, March 1, 2017

The Host Defense Bee Friendly Research Initiative, an effort to help solve Colony Collapse Disorder organized by Washington State University and the Washington State Beekeepers Association

Queen of the Sun: What are the bees telling us?—a documentary film on bee colony collapse disorder, 2017

Safe Pesticide Application for Pollinators

A New Study Shows How Mushrooms Could Save Bees. Yes, Mushrooms.


Maine State Beekeepers Association, The Bee Line, published bi-monthly

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Islesboro, ME 04848

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